Tuesday, March 22, 2011

Aspirin should not be given to children (Reading Class)

Reye syndrome, an extremely rare but serious illness that can affect the brain and liver, occurs most commonly in kids recovering from a viral infection.
Named after Australian pathologist R. Douglas Reye, who first reported it as a distinct syndrome in 1963, Reye syndrome is still not well understood. Studies have linked the use of aspirin or aspirin-containing medications during viral disease to development of Reye syndrome.
Cases have dropped dramatically since the finding of a link between the illness and aspirin use in children.

About Reye Syndrome

Reye syndrome predominantly affects kids between 4 and 14 years old, and occurs most frequently when viral diseases are epidemic, such as during the winter months or following an outbreak of chickenpox or influenza B.
Duration varies with the severity of the disease, which can range from mild and self-limiting to, rarely, death within hours. Although severity varies, Reye syndrome is a potentially life threatening disorder that should be treated as a medical emergency. Early detection and treatment are critical — the chances for a successful recovery increase greatly when Reye syndrome is treated in its earliest stages.

Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of Reye syndrome are almost always preceded by a viral illness, such as an upper respiratory tract infection (a cold, the flu, etc.), a diarrheal illness, or chickenpox. Many cases are mild and may even go undetected; others can be severe, requiring aggressive care.
Reye syndrome can occur from 1 day to 2 weeks after a viral infection. The viral illnesses that lead to it are contagious, but the syndrome itself is not.
Symptoms include:
  • persistent vomiting
  • lethargy or sleepiness
  • in infants, diarrhea and rapid breathing
In the later stages, a child may exhibit irrational behavior, confusion, severe weakness, seizures, and loss of consciousness. There is usually no fever.
Reye syndrome is now very rare: only a few cases a year are reported in the United States. It should be considered, however, in a child with frequent vomiting or a change in mental status — particularly after a recent viral illness.


Aspirin and other drugs from the salicylate family should never be used in the treatment of chickenpox, influenza, and other viral diseases.
In general, aspirin should not be used for kids or teenagers except on the advice of a doctor for certain conditions.


Children with Reye syndrome are usually treated in a hospital; if seriously ill, in a hospital intensive care unit (ICU).
Treatment is supportive as there is no cure for the illness. The clinical care team focuses on making sure a child with Reye syndrome maintains proper fluid and electrolyte balance, nutritional, and cardiorespiratory status. Chances of recovery are greatest when these systems are as balanced as possible.
Mechanical ventilation (a breathing machine or respirator) may be necessary if breathing becomes too sluggish. Intracranial pressure (pressure of the fluid within the brain) and blood pressure may be monitored. Small quantities of insulin may be given to increase glucose metabolism, corticosteroids to reduce brain swelling, and diuretics to increase fluid loss.
The prognosis for children with Reye syndrome has improved. Earlier diagnosis and better treatment have increased the survival rate to about 80%. The earlier the syndrome is detected, the better the chances for survival. Children who progress to the late stages of the syndrome may suffer brain damage and disability.

When to Call the Doctor

If your child has vomiting, behavioral changes, or extreme sleepiness, especially after a viral illness such as the flu or a cold,contact your doctor immediately. Of course, many kids with viruses will have some of these symptoms, and most will not have Reye syndrome. Nevertheless, early detection is the key to successful treatment of Reye syndrome.

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Wednesday, March 2, 2011

The Muffin Man (Nursery Rhymes)

The Muffin Man

First Verse:

Oh, do you know the muffin man,
The muffin man, the muffin man,
Oh, do you know the muffin man,
Who lives in Drury Lane?
Second Verse:

Oh, yes, I know the muffin man,
The muffin man, the muffin man,
Oh, yes, I know the muffin man,
Who lives in Drury Lane.
More Second Verse Responses:

Oh, two of us know the muffin man,
The muffin man, the muffin man,
Oh, two of us know the muffin man,
Who lives in Drury Lane.

A few of us know the muffin man,
The muffin man, the muffin man,
A few of us know the muffin man,
Who lives in Drury Lane.

Now we all know the muffin man,
The muffin man, the muffin man,
Now we all know the muffin man,
Who lives in Drury Lane.

Did You Know: First Color TV Sold Today in 1953 (Reading Class)

Did You Know: First Color TV Sold Today in 1953

It wasn't until December 30, 1953 that the first color television was sold and it was a VERY small screen in a VERY big box.

That's right, prior to 1953 television was broadcast in black and white ... imagine that in comparison to the amazing HD and 3D television sets we have now.

That first color television was also only a 15" screen and came in a huge wood "box." Early televisions had to sit on the floor and came encased in wood and then plastic to hold them. And that television, manufactured by a company named Admiral, cost $1,175 -- $1,000 in 1953 is comparable to over $8,000 in 2010! Needless to say not very many people had color TVs back then.

Now we have TVs that can practically take up a whole wall, 3D technology and amazing HD pictures. It's amazing to think how far we've come in a little over 50 years.

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Wednesday, February 23, 2011

Wars of the World (Reading Class)

EDSA Revolution (Philippines)

The EDSA Revolution may refer to three events in Philippine history referring to popular political upheavals occurring in the EDSA highway:
  • People Power Revolution of 1986 that toppled the administration of Ferdinand Marcos after allegations of widespread cheating in the 1986 presidential elections.
  • EDSA Revolution of 2001 that toppled the administration of Joseph Estrada after an aborted impeachment trial where prosecutors walked out after failing on a motion.
  • 2001's EDSA III ("EDSA Tres" or "EDSA Three") that climaxed in the siege of the presidential palace while Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo remaining in office after the arrest of Joseph Estrada.

April Revolution (South Korea)

The April Revolution, sometimes called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, was a popular uprising in April 1960, led by labor and student groups, which overthrew the autocratic First Republic of South Korea under Syngman Rhee. It led to the peaceful resignation of Rhee and the transition to the Second Republic. The events were touched off by the discovery of a body in Masan Harbor, that of a student killed by a tear-gas shell in demonstrations against the elections of March.


1–999 AD


The end of the unsuccessful Peasants' Revolt in England 1381. Rebel leader Wat Tyler is killed while Richard II watches. A second image within the painting shows Richard addressing the crowd.


Bolotnikov's Battle with the Tsar's Army at Nizhniye Kotly Near Moscow by a Russian painter Ernest Lissner.
Episode of the Fronde at the Faubourg Saint-Antoine by the Walls of the Bastille
Scene from the Moscow UprisingNatalia Naryshkina shows Ivan V to the Streltsy to prove that he well.


Surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781, during the American Revolutionary War.
Depiction of the Battle of Vinegar Hillduring the Irish Rebellion of 1798.
Battle at "Snake Gully" during the Haitian Revolution against French rule.


Siege of Saragossa (1809): The French assault on the San Engracia monastery.
Cheering revolutionaries during theRevolutions of 1848


Battle of the Yangtze during the Taiping Rebellion.
Confederate soldiers killed behind wall during the Battle of Chancellorsville of theAmerican Civil War.
Paris Commune, May 29, 1871
The current Puerto Rican Flag was flown for the first time in Puerto Rico by Fidel Vélez and his men during the "Intentona de Yauco" revolt


Demonstrations in Istanbul during theYoung Turk Revolution


Leaders of the 1910 revolt after the First Battle of Juárez. Seen are José María Pino SuárezVenustiano CarranzaFrancisco I. Madero (and his father), Pascual Orozco,Pancho Villa, Gustavo Madero, Raul Madero,Abraham Gonzalez, and Giuseppe Garibaldi Jr.
1917 - Execution at Verdun sometime in 1916



Soldiers assembled in front of the Throne Hall, Siam, 24 June 1932


Patrol of Lieut. Stanisław Jankowski("Agaton") from Battalion Pięść, 1 August 1944: "W-hour" (17:00)
The PLA enters Beijing in the Pingjin Campaign and control the later capital of PRC


 External audio
Newsreel scenes in Spanish of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party Revolts of the 1950shere
Barricades in Algiers. "Long live Massu" (Vive Massu) is written on the banner. (January 1960)
Raúl Castro (left), with his arm around second-in-command, Ernesto "Che" Guevara, in their Sierra de Cristal Mountain stronghold in Oriente Province Cuba, 1958.


Portuguese soldiers in Angola


Khomeini returns to Iran after 14 years exile on February 1, 1979



Russian Mil Mi-8 helicopter downed by Chechens near Grozny, December 1994



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